what is colonialism

Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Colonialism definition, the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. The ancient type of colonialism gave birth to the modern colonialism which came into effect during the “Age of Discovery” where the Spain and Portugal discovered the South and Central Americas during their sea traveling. Usually, it is a more powerful, richer country that takes control … Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Colonialism is the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced. The immediate and long-lasting effects on the indigenous peoples were colossal. Colonialism is a direct control over a subjugated nation whereas neocolonialism is an indirect involvement. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. An example of colonialism was England’s control over India. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! 3 a : control by one power over a dependent area or people the colonialism of the British … Get help with your Colonialism homework. The establishment of empires resulted in positive and negative aspects for the colonial powers. The focus of exploitation colonialism was to obtain raw materials for industries. 1. the control or governing influence of a nation over a dependent country, territory, or people. types of colonialism: settler colonialism, exploitation colonialism, and surrogate colonialism. Egyptian P… colonialism in American English. practice of establishingterritorial dominion over a colony by an outside political power characterizedby exploitation Colonial definition, of, concerning, or pertaining to a colony or colonies: the colonial policies of France. 2 : something characteristic of a colony. Colonialism is the act or the policy or the dominating practice characterized by a nation which seeks to maintain its authority over people of other countries. 2. the system or policy by which a nation maintains or advocates such control or influence. The age of modern colonialism began about 1500, following the European discoveries of a sea route around Africa’s southern coast (1488) and of America (1492). them established colonies overseas. by exploitation, expansion, and maintenance of that territory. colonialism definition: 1. the belief in and support for the system of one country controlling another 2. the belief in and…. Learn a new word every day. -Ologies & -Isms. • Definition of Colonialism and Imperialism: • Imperialism is when a country or an empire starts influencing other countries by using its power. Colonialism is "a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another" (Kohn, 2006). Nevertheless, inthe sixteenth century, colonialism changed decisively because oftechnological developments in navig… Colonialism is the control that a country or government holds over the territory and the people in a foreign country. The word “colony” is borrowed from the Latin word colonia which means “a place for agriculture.” From the eleventh to eighteen centuries, the Vietnamese people founded colonies outside their place which they later absorbed through a process called namtien. • Colonialism is when an empire or a country goes and conquers another country or region. “Colonialism.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/colonialism. Colonialism is defined as “control by one power over a dependent area or people.” In practice, colonialism is when one country violently invades and takes control of … Colonialism is the practice by which a powerful country directly controls less powerful countries and uses their resources to increase its own power and wealth....the bitter oppression of slavery and colonialism. The indigenous Western colonialism, a political-economic phenomenon whereby various European nations explored, conquered, settled, and exploited large areas of the world. — colonialist, n., adj. (kəˈlouniəˌlɪzəm) noun. Theancient Greeks set up colonies as did the Romans, the Moors, and theOttomans, to name just a few of the most famous examples. After independence, European settlers faced options of getting assimilated or returning to their birth countries’ independence. After the raw materials were processed Britain, Germany, France, and Belgium, among others had to secure markets for their goods. numbers to colonies for a political, economic, or religious purpose. “Settler-Colonialism and Genocide Policies in North America” shows how the settler-colonial agenda of the United States (and Canada to a lesser … Colonialism is a system where the resources of a country are exploited by some other country. Colonialism is not a modern phenomenon. See also: Government. colonialism. It is not just about the development of the used country itself but comes with the systematic status in their power relationship. What made you want to look up colonialism? It started with European aggression, Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. 1 : the quality or state of being colonial. In a narrow sense, colonialism refers to the process of control of supplies of raw materials, mineral resources, and markets in underdeveloped and pre-­capitalist regions. Colonizers had the main reason that led Colonialism is a complex phenomenon of capitalist expansion. territorial dominion over a colony by an outside political power characterized Accessed 27 Dec. 2020. the implementation of various political, economic, and social policies to enable a state to maintain or extend its authority and control over other territories. Access the answers to hundreds of Colonialism questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Postcolonialism, the historical period or state of affairs representing the aftermath of Western colonialism; the term can also be used to describe the concurrent project to reclaim and rethink the history and agency of people subordinated under various forms of imperialism. See the full definition for colonialism in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Britannica English: Translation of colonialism for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about colonialism. The introduction of new diseases by explorers also caused local epidemics. Delivered to your inbox! Have you ever wondered about these lines? Neo-colonialism was quite evident during the Cold War of the 20th century, as the then global superpowers, the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective satellite countries engaged in their ideological conflict. Europeans the chance to impose their domination. The term "colonialism" is possibly one of the most confusing, if not contested, concepts in American history and international relations theory. Most Americans would likely be hard-pressed to define it beyond the "colonial period" of U.S. history when early European immigrants established their colonies in the New World. See more. For example, one of the causes of the Second World War was an effort by Japan to expand its area by conquering the British, United States, French, and Dutch empires. This act of retaining its authority over another country is usually so as to develop or exploit the country being colonized in a manner that will benefit the country colonizing them. It is a sort of domination policy through which a political party/ power of one territory or area, by force, tries to establish its own colony in another territory. Therefore, they sent their representatives to various places overseas to secure their interest. They established trading centers and amassed the surrounding areas as a way of expanding their control. The definition of colonialism is the act of one nation controlling another for economic gain. Both warring parties accused each other of neo-colonialism and used notorious means to have their interests protected in underdeveloped countries including sponsoring military coups and civil wars. Colonialism. This establishment of colonies away from their home continent differentiated other forms of expansionism from colonialism. diplomatic pressures, forceful invasion, and eventually colonization of those places. They also moved to sites that had plenty natural resources needed by their factories. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Mostly, the imperialist powers benefited; they got ready and cheap raw materials for their industries leading to economic improvement. All the above interests forced the need of having colonies overseas. In surrogate colonialism projects for settlers were developed in the colonies. World history is full ofexamples of one society gradually expanding by incorporating adjacentterritory and settling its people on newly conquered territory. How to use colonial in a sentence. See more. We can no longer see colonialism but many nations in the world are experiencing the neocolonialism now. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. The Nigeria Police Force dates back to British, People were more interested in the legacy of British, The statues and buildings vandalized on Wednesday and Thursday appear to have been targeted in protest of, Migration, after all, had been crucial to that process of appropriation by people who, under the weight of, Maryse Conde has been a betting favorite in recent years, and her work, which explores, The People’s Republic of China asserted sovereignty over Tibet in 1951 as part of a broader effort by Mao Zedong’s communists to consolidate control over territory historically claimed by China before decades of, Post the Definition of colonialism to Facebook, Share the Definition of colonialism on Twitter. ‘The positive case argues that, on the contrary, colonialism played an economically progressive role.’ ‘This is the clearest manifestation of resurgent imperialism and colonialism on a world scale.’ Colonialism is the practice of establishing Learn more. — colonialistic, adj. labor and restriction in trading. Those goals were used to differentiate the Many chose the latter and led to establishment of bodies that helped in cooperation between the former colonies and their colonizers, for example, Commonwealth of Nations by Britain. Colonialism was a large part of the economic philosophy of mercantilism, which argued that a nation's economic state had to be assessed through ensuring greater exports than imports. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'colonialism.' What is colonialism? Subsequently, during the 17th century other nations were motivated to move overseas to establish their rule. Neighboring powers fought to displace or encroach into another territory. Synonyms for colonialism include colonisation, colonization, expansionism, imperialism, interventionism, domination, empire-building, neocolonialism and manifest … Increasing demands for wealth and resources heightened tensions between European civilizations and compelled European states to expand their territories into Asia, Africa and the Americas in order to extract resources. Colonialism is defined as a practice in which a power sets up colonies or settlements elsewhere (in other countries or territories) (Singh, 2001) for the political and economic benefit of the colonizing country. Definition of colonialism. Colonialism,then, is not restricted to a specific time or place. Colonialism is rule by outsiders but, unlike annexation, does not involve actual incorporation into the dominant people's nation. Colonialism also produced social forms in the colonies that were distinct from those in place in Europe, even. Much of the success of the empires came about from the exploitation and enslavement of indigenous peoples, as well as the obliteration of indigenous groups, languages, and cultures. Between the 16th century and 20th century, the European nations wanted to improve their economy and retain political supremacy over the perceived weak countries. Colonial definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of a colony. Ancient and medieval colonialism was practiced by the Phoenicians, the Greeks, and the crusaders, among others. were subjected to colonialism. Colonialism is the maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over people by a foreign power for an extended period (W. Bell, 1991). 3. the state or condition of being colonial. France created the French colonial empire, Britain formed British empire, and Germany established Dutch empire. Colonialism in the modern sense began with the " Age of Discovery ", led by Portuguese, and then by the Spanish exploration of the Americas, the coasts of … It encompasses the control that a ruling empire has on a territory, and colonies are typically described as areas used for economic exploitation. people suffer in the hands of the colonizer where they are subjected to hard Send us feedback. Settling in this new region is a part of colonialism. Colonialism occurs when a country or a nation takes control of other lands, regions, or territories outside of its borders (boundaries of the country) by turning those other lands, regions, or territories into a colony. However, as the colonial powers competed for colonies, conflicts of interest emerged resulting in war. Colonialism was a borrowed term to differentiate it from other types of expansionism. Colonialism is the economic, social, political, and cultural domination of a society over an extended period of time. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Settler colonialism is when settlers migrate in large The societies that faced this form of imperialism put up resistance to deny the By Mercie Chelaa on October 13 2017 in Society. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? England colonized many areas in the world. From 1870s to 1900s, parts of the world

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